300 words essay on education system in india

300 words essay on education system in india

People who dive right in are more likely to face more significant challenges in other eradication policies and implementation was legally determined by each of India’s constitutional states until 1976. Education became a ‘concurrent subject’ with the 42nd amendment to the Constitution in 1976. From then on, the federal and state governments shared formal responsibility for education funding and administration. In a country as large as India, which now has 28 states and eight union territories, the potential for differences in elementary education policies, plans, programs, and initiatives between states is enormous. National policy frameworks are created regularly to guide states in the development of state-level programs and policies. The majority of primary and upper primary schools are managed by state and local governments, and the number of government-managed elementary schools is growing. eas of their lives.

At the same time, the number and proportion of private bodies are increasing. In 2005-6, the government managed 83.13% of elementary schools (Grades 1-8) and the private sector managed 16.86% of schools (excluding children in unrecognized schools, schools established under the Education Guarantee Scheme, and in alternative learning centers). One-third of the schools managed privately are aided, while the other two-thirds are unaided. Enrollment in Grades 1-8 is split 73:27 between government and privately managed schools. This ratio is higher in rural areas (80:20) and much lower in urban areas (36:66).

According to the 2011 Census, approximately 73% of the population was literate, with males accounting for 81% and females accounting for 65%. Literacy was 77.7% in 2017-18, according to the National Statistical Commission, 84.7% for men and 70.3% for women. This compares to 1981, when the rates were 41%, 53%, and 29%, respectively. In 1951, the rates were 18%, 27%, and 9%, respectively. India’s improved education system is frequently cited as a major contributor to its economic development. Many public institutions have been credited with much of the progress, particularly in higher education and scientific research.

While enrolment in higher education has steadily increased over the last decade, reaching a Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of 26.3% in 2019, there is still a significant gap to close with tertiary education enrolment levels in developed countries, a challenge that will need to be overcome if India is to continue to reap a demographic dividend from its relatively young population.


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